Black holes have always been a bit of a mystery. That’s mainly because they’re so very difficult to study. The gravitational singularity is where large amounts of matter and energy are condensed into a tiny space and where space-time curves towards infinity and everything is destroyed. But, is that really what happens?
Researchers at the Institute of Corpuscular Physics in Valencia have just carried out a study that suggests matter may actually survive these space objects after all. The physicists used singularity in which to resolve any problems regarding the infinite space-deforming gravitational pull. Gonzalo Olmo is a grant researcher at the Universitat de Valencia (UV) and together with Digo Rubiera from the University of Lisbon, and Antonio Sanchez, the Ph.D. student also at UV the team analyzed black holes using theories other than those relating to general relativity (GR).
As part of the study, Olmo has applied geometric structures that are similar to that of crystals or graphene layers as these are much better matched with the events going on inside a black hole. “Just as crystals have imperfections in their microscopic structure, the central region of a black hole can be interpreted as an anomaly in space-time, which requires new geometric elements in order to be able to describe them more precisely. We explored all possible options, taking inspiration from facts observed in nature”, Olmo explained.
Armed with these new geometries, the researchers got a description of black holes where the center point becomes a very small circle and is interpreted as the existence of a wormhole inside a black hole. “Our theory naturally resolves several problems in the interpretation of electrically charged black holes,” explains Olmo. In the first instance, we resolve the problem of singularity since there is a door at the center of the black hole, the wormhole, through which space and time can continue.”
This particular study is based on rotations and electrically charged black holes. They’re one of the more simpler types. Also, the wormhole predicted would be smaller than an atomic nucleus, so anyone who was to come close enough to this type of black hole would be stretched significantly or spaghettified before being allowed in. As soon as they were to leave the black hole, they would return to their original size. It’s highly unlikely anyone would survive this sort of stretching, but if they could, that’s what would happen to them.
Olmo’s theory also avoids the need to use any exotic energy sources in which to generate the wormholes, unlike Einstein’s theory of gravity. “In our theory, the wormhole appears out of ordinary matter and energy, such as an electric field,” says Olmo. Hopefully, moving forward, this new interpretation can help to better explain phenomena such as the nature of elementary particles or the process of quantum entanglement.