The term ‘The God particle’ was coined by the physicist Leon Lederman in his 1993 popular science book.
The particle that the book title refers to is the ‘Higgs boson’.
The particle we now call the Higgs boson has never been observed. First hypothesised in 1964, the Higgs boson, if discovered, would be a vital missing piece of the model that physicists use to describe elementary particles and their interactions: the Standard Model.
The different subatomic particles are responsible for giving matter different properties. One of the most mysterious and important properties is mass. Some particles, like protons and neutrons, have mass. Others, like photons, do not. The Higgs boson, or “God particle,” is believed to be the particle which gives
Some of the important facts about God particle are :-
- The term god particle – It has nothing to do with god which most people think . Scientists wanted to name it as ‘goddamn particle’ initially instead of ‘God particle’ .
- Higgs field – If it weren’t for the Higgs field or something close to that, the basic unit of all matter, the atoms and its sub-particles, the electrons would be mass less.The presence of the field explains why some fundamental particles have mass, despite the symmetries which implies that they should be massless.
- Hadron collider :- It’s a ring of magnets and experimental detectors, buried 100 meters underground, 27 kilometers in circumference. It takes protons, 100 trillion at a time, and accelerates them to 99.999999% the speed of light, then smashes them together over 100 million times per second. The beam pipe through which the protons travel is evacuated so that its density is lower than you would experience standing on the Moon.
- If it weren’t for the Higgs field the elementary particles of nature like electrons and quarks would all be massless . So without the Higgs, there wouldn’t be atoms, there wouldn’t be chemistry, there wouldn’t be life as we know it. It’s a pretty big deal !
- The great Stephen Hawking once placed a $100 bet that the particle didn’t exist.
- When the Large Hadron Collider’s was switched on in 2008, there were fears that it might create a black hole that would swallow the Earth. It didn’t !